The Bloomery Forge

The Bloomery Forge was used to smelt iron ore and produce metalwork for the adjacent Waltham Abbey.

Horseshoes, nails, hooks, keys, locks, spurs, knives, arrowheads, buckles, chisels and other carpentry tools were all manufactured onsite, with water supplied by an internal well.

It was built around 1200AD and is documented up till 1608, surviving the dissolution of the nearby monastery by over 60 years.

The forge was accidentally discovered in 1972, leading to a project of excavation and preservation by the Waltham Abbey Historical Society.

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