The Crossness Pumping Station was designed by Sir Joseph Bazalgette and Charles Henry Driver at the east side of the London Southern Outfall Sewer.
It was constructed between 1859 and 1865, as part of the redevelopment of the London sewers that Bazalgette was tasked with modernising. The pumping station features ornate cast ironwork that was described by Nikolaus Pevner as “a masterpiece of engineering – a Victorian cathedral of ironwork”.
The engines were built by James Watt & Co. to Joseph Bazalgette’s designs and were named “Victoria”, “Prince Consort”, “Albert Edward” and “Alexandra” (For the royal opening of the pumping station).
The pumping station became a Grade I listed building in 1970 and is currently managed by the The Crossness Engines Trust, a registered charity of volunteers who oversee the restoration project of the station.